Toscana Verde is a beautiful resort which was born from a recovery of an old factory of tobacco and Tuscan cigars.
The wise and careful renovation of the complex, has preserved the integrity of the old building with its typical charm and historical value. La Tabaccaia was born in the early twentieth century, when it developed in the territory of Laterina the cultivation and drying and handling of the tobacco leaf. This type of activity, which had witnessed a remarkable expansion with the number of kilns scattered throughout the territory, lasted until the ’80s. The tobacconist’s farm Monsoglio has still the recurring structural type of these buildings, but with a greater longitudinal extension, adapting itself to the environment that surrounds him imposingly, but without hinder the view.
The choice to work on a tobacco drying, derives from the consideration of the importance of the cultivation and processing of tobacco, which was the economic development of Laterina in the first half of ‘900. Since the tobacco farming has emerged in Laterina, as well as in Tuscany, in the early twentieth century, was favored by local climatic conditions, particularly suitable for this tobacco farming and the large availability of land for cultivation. There were significant opportunities for the exploitation of land cultivation. The development of tobacco cultivation lasted until the 70s, after a series of structural factors in the agricultural sector which have given a deep crisis. The effects of this crisis are highlighted in the Territory of Laterina with the dismissal and the abandonment of many active tobacconists in the area.
The process of transformation of tobacco
The process of transformation of tobacco leaf to the final product is composed of successive steps, of which the most important and sensitive issue is that so-called “care”, which is obtained by drying the leaf from the plant collection. The initial phase of the treatment, was to leave standing the tobacco leaves for about 8 days in complete darkness at the end they assumed a yellowish tint. The next step, called browning of the leaf, was exposed directly to heat the furnaces, even at this stage of exposure lasted 8 days, after which it became a brown color. After transporting the leaves browned in a single cell, began the process of “second treatment” lasting a fortnight, aimed drying of the rib of the tobacco leaf. Completed the drying process the tobacco was so brittle that the further processing was difficult. So they proceeded with a softening treatment determined by the absorption of a certain percentage of moisture. With this work ended the cycle of drying tobacco, which was then transported to other facilities equipped for the following phases.